Wednesday, April 11, 2012


  • It was a capital of Tondaiman Ilantiriyan, a sangam age king who ruled the northern tamil country.
  • Mauryan king erupted a stupa in Kanchi, which is referred by the Chinese traveler Hieun Tsang.
  • It is one of the most important Buddhism centers and one of the most prominent learning centers of the ancient India, in line with Varanasi, Nalanda, Takshasila and Valabhi.
  • Pallavas made this place as one of most important Jains landmarks. Jain Tirthankars temple in this town was built around ninth century CE. This temple contains several fresco paintings and a huge image of Bhagwan Mahaveer.
  • The sixth century CE famous poet Bharavi in the court of King Harshavardhana praised Kanchi as the best city at that time.
  • Based on the evidences, this city might have housed 1008 temples. But only 200 out of those temples are still remaining in Kanchi.
  • Fifteen of the 108 divya desams are in Kanchi.
  • It is the birth place of Saint Ramanuja acharya, Srivaishnava acharya. Also it is believed that the great Chanakya and the poet Parimelazhagar are from this town.
  • Chaitanya Mahaprabhu, Nityananda Prabhu and Madhvacharya visited Kanchi.
  • During sixth century, this city became the imperial capital of Pallava dynasty.
  • Kanchi is one of the Shakti Peethas.
  • The great texts, Tiruvacakam, Tirukkovaiyaar, Kanchipuranam, Manimekalai speak the glory of Kanchi city.
  • Kailasanathar temple of Lord Shiva is the oldest temple in Kanchi and it was built by Rayasimha Pallava around seventh century CE. The eighth century murals, red stone carvings of Rudra Thandava, Lord parvathi are the significant remains of Pallava arts.
  • Ekambareswarar temple is one of the largest temples in Kanchipuram. Pallavas initially built this temple and Cholas extended this temple later. Krishnadevaraya built the main tower and the outer walls in the sixteenth century CE. It is one of the Panchabhoota Stalams representing Earth and it is one the 275 Devara sthalams.
  • Kamakshi amman temple called as Kachi Kamakottam is one of the Shakti peethas and famous for its ornate pillars mandapam. Sri Adi Sankara installed Srichakra yantra here.
  • Varadarajaswami Temple is one of the 108 divya desams and was built by Vijayanagar kingdom rulers. The main tower and the prakaram were built by later chola kings. One of the interesting features of this temple is that it has a huge chain carved out from a single piece of stone. Inside the temple tank, there is an idol of 10 meter high statue of Vishnu, made of wood of a "Fig" tree. This idol is taken out once in 40 years for worship.
  •  Sri Kacchapeswarar temple is located in the centre of Kanchipuram and the construction timeframe is unknown.

Divya Desams in Kanchi:
  • Varadarajaswami Temple
  • Adikesava perumal temple
  • Jagadeeswarar temple,Tiruneeragam
  • Chandrachooda Perumal temple (Tirunilaattingal Tundam) – Located in Ekambareswarar temple
  • Tirukaarvanam temple – Located in Ulagalanda perumal temple, Tiruooragam
  • Aadi Varaha temple, Tirukkalvanoor – Located in Kamakshi Amman temple
  • Tiruppavalavannam temple
  • Sri Vijayaraghava Perumal Temple, Tirupputkuzhi

Other temples:
  • Sri Subramanya temple – This temple was built in last century. But it has become very famous among pilgrims. This temple is called as Kandakottam and located in between Ekambareeswarar temple and Kamakshi amman temple.

Nearby Temples:
  • Tirumaakaral temple is located 15 kilometers from Kanchipuram near Uttiramerur. Shiva is said to have manifested himself as a giant golden lizard to Rajendra Cholan here and in another legend, an Udumbu (giant lizard) is said to have worshipped Shiva in an ant hill. Indra is said to have worshipped Shiva here.
  •  Tirupparuthikkundram is a village on the banks of Palar River. This village is the place of two great Jain temples, which were built around ninth century CE.
  •  A separate temple for Chitragupta is located in Kanchipuram. This might be the only temple where Chitragupta is the main deity. To get release from the clutches of Kethu, and to appease Yama, the Lord of Death, the blessing of Chitragupta is sought here.
  •  The famous Sri Sankara mutt is located in Kanchi and one of the Sankara Peetams established by Sri Adi Sankara.

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